Analysis from a workshop convened by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) in 2017 reveals gaps in and opportunities for research to improve understanding of the effects of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in women.
A new paper in the Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation summarizes and updates the findings presented during the “Understanding Traumatic Brain Injury in Women” workshop and provides strategies for advancing research efforts in this area. NINDS is part of the National Institutes of Health.
Studies suggest that women may have different outcomes, depending on when during their menstrual cycle they were injured. For example, there is evidence that head injuries occurring during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, when levels of progesterone are high, may be associated with worse outcomes and decreased quality of life. Additional research on reproductive hormones, such as progesterone or estrogen, may provide important clues to recovery from head injury.